At last year’s International Festival thirteen contributions in architecture were presented at the Canada Booth. Some are well known… others less so. There is a building or monument for each of the ten provinces and three territories in our great country. We thought that some of them might spark your interest, especially if you’re looking for something to visit on your summer trip to Canada.
Starting at the top, from left to right:
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories
A group of history-minded Yellowknifers first envisioned a museum for the Northwest Territories in the early 1950s and after several years of planning and of construction, the ‘Museum of the North’ opened in 1963.
Chateau Frontenac in Quebec City, Quebec
The Château Frontenac is the most well-known building in Quebec City and sits on one of its most important historical sites: the residence of the governor general of New France (Chateau St-Louis) and residence of the British colonial governors of Lower Canada and Quebec (Chateau Haldimand).
Confederation Bridge New Brunswick (and Prince Edward Island)
The Confederation Bridge joins the eastern Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, making travel throughout the Maritimes easy and convenient. More than a decade after its construction, it endures as one of Canada’s top engineering achievements of the 20th century.
Waterfront Station in Whitehorse, Yukon
Waterfront Station has become an iconic building on the Yukon River waterfront. The vision was to create a unique cosmopolitan community of boutique commercial and professional office space that would become the heart of the new downtown commercial core.
Inuksuk Point on Fox Peninsula, Nunavut
Although not architecture per se, Inuksuit are important stone landmark throughout the Canadian Arctic. Two groups of Inuksuit exist on this site, approximately 100 of which remain standing. The grouping of cairns may have been built as long as two thousand years ago.
CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario
Defining the Toronto skyline, the CN Tower celebrates a remarkable legacy as an iconic landmark and one of the world’s top tourist destinations. At 553.33 m (1,815ft, 5 inches) the CN Tower held the record as the tallest building, tower, freestanding structure for over three decades. It is now the 3rd tallest tower in the world and remains the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere.
The Citadel in Halifax, Nova Scotia
Situated on the strategic hilltop location now known as Citadel Hill, the Citadel (officially Fort George) has a commanding view of the Halifax harbour. The current citadel was built in 1856 and is the fourth to have been erected on site since the founding of Halifax in 1749.
Humboldt Post Office in Humboldt, Saskatchewan
The Humboldt Post Office was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1977 because the quality of its design, with its Romanesque windows and large clock tower in the same style, made this an important building in a newly-developing small town, and represented the extension of federal services across the West.
Eppich House in West Vancouver, British Columbia
Designed by Canadian architect Arthur Erickson of Vancouver, the so-called Eppich House is an important example of modernist residential architecture in Canada. The concept of this concrete frame structure makes very effective use of a large site, which was formerly considered unbuildable. Erickson set the house in the landscape, redirecting a stream to create a pond and an intimate setting for this terraced building.
Green Gables in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island
Yes, the home of Anne Shirley—the protagonist of famed Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables—is real. The 19th-century farm house that inspired the novel belonged to the author’s cousins, the McNeill family. In fact, Montgomery’s wake was held at the farmhouse upon her death in 1942.
Fogo Island Artist Colony on Fogo Island, Newfoundland
A centuries-old fishing community searching for ways to survive in a changing world, Fogo Island is home since 2008 to a spectacular artist colony, where artists, filmmakers, writers, musicians, curators, designers, and thinkers from around the world come to be inspired.
Prince of Wales Fort in Churchill, Manitoba
Prince of Wales’s Fort in the eighteenth century was a fascinating place. It was in many ways a failure as a trading post and a centre for exploration, and was definitely a failure in a military sense. However, the human element of the post’s story–the trading, hunting, building, drinking, eating and playing–is most significant. Too often the common man is forgotten in stories of great explorers, battles or the complexities of trade and imperial expansion.
The Bow in Calgary, Alberta
The Bow is the tallest building in Calgary –and the tallest in Canada west of Toronto. Its form was shaped by both environmental and organizational analysis. The tower faces south, curving toward the sun to take advantage of daylight and heat, while the resulting bow-shaped plan that gives the tower its name maximizes the perimeter for cellular offices with views of the Rocky Mountains.